Geology

Geology is about the Earth's physical structure and the forces and processes shaping it.

Studying in this area involves learning about rock and soil chemistry, minerals, fossils, volcanoes, earthquakes and plate tectonics.

Geology is also about how minerals and hydrocarbons – metals, coal and oil, etc – are mined, refined and used in industry.

NZ university majors related to this area

Though in the same subject area, they may be very different.

Examples of career opportunities

Most entail additional learning (lifelong learning!).

  • Geologist
  • Geophysicist
  • Volcanologist
  • Soil scientist
  • Palaeontologist
  • Miner
  • Mine surveyor
  • Mining safety engineer
  • Petroleum engineer
  • Geotechnologist
  • Geological data technician
  • Research scientist
  • Research assistant
  • Laboratory technician
  • Science teacher
  • Academic

Income and employment prospects

Income

158% of national
median earnings


Employment

66%
Employed
2%
Unemployed
24%
Further study
8%
Other or unknown

Figures based on young domestic graduates 5 years after graduation. Source: Ministry of Education.

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